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Essay on Guru Teg Bahadur Ji in English
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Indian culture is at the top in the history of world civilization and culture due to its many characteristics. The greatest feature of this culture is sorrow over it. That is, to participate in the suffering of others. In fact, this is the very basis of our culture. Our history men dedicated their lives to remove the sorrows and pains of others without worrying about the gain and loss of their own happiness and sorrows.
Gandhi’s non-violence, Nehru’s Panchsheel sees the whole world from this point of view. Our history-men adopted the path of ‘renunciation’ instead of ‘grahan’. Be it Nanak or Guru Gobind Singh, Bhagat Singh or Rajguru, his life was not for himself but for others.
The sacrifice of the Sikh Gurus to liberate the people of India suffering from the atrocities of the Muslims is unforgettable and the sacrifice of Guru Tegh Bahadur is memorable in the morning. Inspired by his unprecedented holy sacrifice, two generations of his descendants again dedicated their lives to this sacrifice. The sacrifice and sacrifice of Guru Tegh Bahadur is a glorious and indelible chapter in our history.
The heroic son of India, the Sikhs made the ninth guru, the statue of penance, the idol of devotion, the arrival of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji with the speed, when Aurangzeb was ruling in India at that time. Aurangzeb wanted to make everyone Muslim. From the point of view of religion, he was very narrow and fanatical. He was committing various atrocities to convert Hindus into Muslims.
People were terrified by his atrocities. There was turmoil among the Hindus. It was difficult to defend myself. At such a time, Guru Tegh Bahadur ji sacrificed his life to save caste, country and religion. The answer to tyranny was given by renunciation not by tyranny. In this way the arrival of Guru Tegh Bahadur took place in the dire circumstances of India.
Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was born in 1621 AD in Amritsar in the house of Shri Hargobind ji, the eighth Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Hargobind ji had five sons. Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was the youngest. Guru Hargobind ji had no idea of giving him the throne. Guru Tegh Bahadur was painted in spiritual colors only. His social life was silent.
Guru Hargobind ji, before concluding his Ihloklila, had said that the one who holds my seat of water is in Baba Bakala. But he didn’t say anything clearly. When Guru Hargobind ji left the chola, all the gurus were eager to get the throne, but it was not an easy task to find Guru ji by going to Baba Bakala.
Makhan Singh Lavana was a merchant who had made a vow to offer 500 seals to the Guru. When he placed two seals in front of Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur like other former Gurus, Guruji immediately said that you had made a vow to offer 500 seals to the Guru. On hearing this, Lavana jumped with joy and climbed on the terrace, he announced – ‘Guru Ladho Re- Guru Ladho Re.’ Thus he became the ninth Guru of Sikhism.
Guru Tegh Bahadur ji organized the Sikhs as soon as he sat on the throne, established a place named Anandpur and spread his ideas by roaming from place to place. Guru ji went to many places like Bengal, Bihar, Assam etc. Guru Gobin Singh ji was born in the house of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji in Patna.
With your blessings a boy was born to the king of Assam. Raja Ram Singh, the representative of the ruler of Delhi, wanted to clash with the king of Assam, but Guruji pacified the dispute. While preaching his thoughts, Guru ji then came to Patna while organizing the Sikhs. In Patna, his devotees built a very big Gurudwara which is still situated in its beauty in the same way. Guru ji again came to Anandpur.
Saddened by the atrocities of Aurangzeb, some Kashmiri Brahmins came to Guruji’s refuge. Guruji said in a solemn voice, if a great man of the country sacrifices himself, then you can be saved. Guru ji’s son Gobind Rai who later became famous as Gobind Singh ji was nine years old at that time and he was playing nearby.
He said, “Father! Who can have a greater soul than you? Guruji’s eyes lit up on hearing the son’s resolute voice. Guruji said to the Kashmiri Brahmins – “Go, tell Aurangzeb. If Guru Tegh Bahadur accepts Islam, we will become Muslims.” Kashmiri Brahmins left.
Guru ji also left Anandpur Sahib in July, 1675 and while preaching his religion, went to Delhi. Aurangzeb arrested Guruji. Guru ji was tortured, he was celebrated peacefully. Aurangzeb adopted many tricks but Guruji had come to be sacrificed. Finally, on November 21, 1675, Guruji gave up his life.
When Guru ji’s head was beheaded, a paper was tied around his neck, on which it was written, “He gave his head, but did not give a head.” Brother Jaiton raised Guruji’s head and ran towards Anandpur. Brother Uda, with the help of a lavana merchant, lifted Guru ji’s torso and brought it to Rakabganj. Here he cremated Guru ji’s torso. Gurdwara Rakabganj is now built at this place.
Bhai Uda then went to Bhai Jait in Kiratpur and both of them reached Anandpur Sahib near Guru Gobind Singh Ji with the head of Guru Ji. Here Guru ji’s head was cremated. Here too, in this virtuous memory, Gurdwara Sheeshganj has been built.
Guru Tegh Bahadur ji explained the principles of Guru Nanak. Apart from this, the principles of Guru ji were: Naam, charity and bathing. Guru ji’s thought was – eight o’clock sixty four hours, one should always take the name of God while getting up, sitting, sleeping. By taking the name the tongue becomes pure.
“Sadho Gobind’s Gun Gaavu.
Manas janmu amolak pao birtha kahi gaoul”
“Taji Abhimanu Moh Maia Puni Bhajan Ram Chitta Gavu.
Nanak kahati mukti panthu i guru mukhi hoi tum village
Just as a lamp placed on the threshold illuminates both inside and outside, similarly a person who takes the name of God is illuminated from both inside and outside, but the name should be taken with a sincere heart and not by appearances. The second principle of Guru ji was “Dan”. His thought was, donate as much as you can. The third principle was that of bathing. Guru ji thought that by bathing the body is purified, by charity the hands and mind are purified and by chanting the name the speech becomes pure and the mind is purified. In this way, Guru ji preached the principles strongly and preached from place to place.
Guru ji was opposed to hypocrisy. He was opposed to outside pomp, Tilak was against Janeu and Mala. Still, he favored the Brahmins because why should anyone interfere in someone’s religion? Why forcibly change someone’s religion? Guru ji was stunning, Mahatma and patriot in true sense. He was devoid of pride and deceit.
Guru Tegh Bahadur ji was not only a religious leader but also a good litterateur. He himself composed many types of compositions and also respected the litterateurs. The language of the poem is very simple, there is a flow in the expressions and the theme of the poem is religious.